Solar Cells - Electronics - science lessons for life


Sunday, July 1, 2018

Solar Cells - Electronics

Solar cells are also constructed using p-n junctions. Therefore solar cells are also diodes. They are constructed in such a manner so as to allow light to fall on the junction. When sunlight is incident on these silicon p-n junctions, a small electro motive force (voltage) is generated across the junction. Since such a p-n junction can be used as a source of an electro motive force, they are known as solar cells. 
By arranging a number of such cells in series and parallel, voltages such as 12 V or 15 V with large currents can be obtained. Such an arrangement is known as a solar panel.
Originally such solar panels were developed for the use satellites. They were used instead of batteries to generate electricity. Their cost at that time was very high. Since they can now be produced at a low cost with the development of technology, solar panels are used to light up homes at present.
Solar cells are considered to be a solution to the future power and energy crisis as they operate with the solar radiation we receive at no cost, as they do not emit any substance that is harmful to the environment and as they have a long lifetime (the solar cells produced initially are still in operation).
Solar cells are presently used to operate clocks and calculators and they are also used in solar powered motor vehicles.

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